Metropolitan Governance for Urban Climate Resilience

Abstract

The impacts of climate change are most palpable at the local scale, causing individuals and households to live in vulnerable situations and negatively impacting their safety, quality of life, and livelihoods. The magnitude of climate change needs to be considered, however, at the regional or metropolitan scale, where we can see how the various and cumulative effects of climate change can endanger millions of lives, cultural heritage, and the economy. This paper makes the case that metropolitan scale resilience planning will be successful when it is complemented by equitable, inclusive, and participatory local level resilience planning, and that in fact such local level planning needs to be scaled up to inform the metropolitan level. The paper provides insights into what would be important for resilience planning at both these scales, and makes the case for integrating local efforts into metropolitan resilience planning. It includes examples from a diverse range of cities including Quito, Porto Alegre, Rio de Janeiro, New Orleans, Washington, D.C., and New York City.


Authors:

Ayesha Dinshaw is an associate with the Climate Resilience Practice at the World Resources Institute (WRI), which aims to build adaptive capacity in developing countries. Dinshaw has been with WRI since 2011. Within the Climate Resilience Practice, she focuses on urban resilience and tracking, and enabling adaptation success at the project, portfolio, and national levels. In the past, she provided research and support for the 2013-2014 World Resources Report on creating a sustainable food future. Before joining WRI, Dinshaw worked at a renewable energy organization called NativeEnergy, and interned with HSBC India’s corporate sustainability department in Mumbai and the Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) in Delhi. While earning her graduate degree she provided analysis to the Somerville Community Corporation on program evaluation and worked with the Tufts Institute of the Environment.

Brittany Giroux Lane is the Program Manager for the Subnational Pilot Program at the Open Government Partnership (OGP). Her primary focus is to support the OGP pilot of fifteen subnational governments and other local level reformers and civil society organizations to develop and implement ambitious OGP action plans. Prior to joining OGP, Brittany worked at the World Resources Institute and the Urban Institute on issues of local governance, urban planning, and urban service delivery. She holds an M.Sc. in urban development planning from the Development Planning Unit at University College London and a B.A. in urban studies and politics, philosophy & economics from the University of Pennsylvania.

Katerina Elias-Trostmann is a research analyst at World Resources Institute (WRI) Brasil and is based in São Paulo. She works closely with the Climate Resilience Practice. She focuses on urban climate resilience and community response, and has experience working closely with cities to enhance community resilience in municipal resilience plans and city strategies. She led the research and development of Individual Resilience Indicators, which are being adopted by cities in Brazil. Elias Trostmann previously worked for the UK Green Building Council before relocating to Brazil. She has experience working for the UK Green Building Council and NACUE in London, for a communications technology company in Geneva, and for Ashoka in Paris.