The Changing Urban Governance System of Urban Redevelopment in Shanghai

Shanghai

City Profile:

The most populous city in China and Asia as well as the most populous city proper in the world. It is the second most populous of the four direct-controlled municipalities in mainland China, with a population of more than 24 million as of 2014. In 2011, Shanghai's total GDP grew to 1.92 trillion yuan (US$297 billion) with GDP per capita of 82,560 yuan (US $12,784).

Shangai

 


Authors:

Jie Chen is a Professor at Shanghai University of Finance and Economics (SHUFE). He holds University Chair Professorship and is a member of University’s Academic Committee, Assistant Dean of Institute of Advanced Research (IAR), and Director of Real Estate Research Institute at SHUFE. He earned a Bachelor’s Degree from Fudan University (1997), Master’s Degree from the University of Oslo (2001), and a Ph.D. in economics from Uppsala University (2005). His research covers various fields in regional, urban, and housing-related economics issues. He has published more than 20 SSCI-listed international peer-reviewed journals. He is also author of five books and has published extensively in Chinese academic journals. He works as a policy advisor for Chinese central and local government agencies, as well as a senior consulting expert for international organizations including World Bank and Asia Development Bank. He is on the trustee board of Urban Studies Foundation (USF), a board member of the Global Chinese Real Estate Congress (GCREC), a steering member of Asia Pacific Network of Housing Research (APNHR), and a member of the Advisory Committee of ULI Chinese Mainland.

Zhumin Xu is a postdoctoral fellow at the University of Hong Kong. Xu completed her doctoral degree in Urban Studies in 2016 from the University of New Orleans, where she conducted research on citizen participation in housing requisition in Shanghai. Xu received her Master’s Degree from Michigan State University and a B.A. in Chinese literature from Fudan University. She has also earned a Graduate Certificate in hazard policy studies and Certificate in historic preservation from the University of New Orleans. Xu’s research focuses on affordable housing, social governance, and urban planning in China, with a particular focus on issues of housing requisition, urban redevelopment, and participatory governance.

Abstract:

Driven by the forces of both marketization and globalization, urban governance in Chinese cities has experienced a dramatic restructuring since the economic reforms in the 1980s. Nonetheless, how the redevelopment of urban governance in Chinese cities is related to urban redevelopment is still underexplored; in particular, how the massive-scale urban redevelopment is arguably a key force behind the miracle of the Chinese urban economy. This research provides an attempt to bridge the knowledge gap in this respect, using the case of Shanghai. It focuses on the changing governance structure of urban redevelopment in Shanghai, and particularly explores how and to what extent government authorities shape citizen participation in residential relocation and housing expropriation. Such analysis helps us to better understand the importance of the role of residents in the decision-making around inner-city redevelopment. This chapter concludes by discussing policy implications of the findings, including how to achieve economic and social sustainability in urban redevelopment.