São Paulo is the most populous city in Brazil, and the Southern Hemisphere with a population of 44.04 million in 2014. It exerts strong international influence in commerce, finance, arts and entertainment. Sao Paulo is the largest economy in GDP in Latin America and Southern Hemisphere; the city is home to the São Paulo Stock Exchange. The city has the 10 th largest GDP in the world, representing alone 10.7% of all Brazilian GDP, and 36% of the production of goods and services in the state of Sao Paulo.
Jeroen Klink is a Dutch economist with a Ph.D. in urban planning from the University of São Paulo and is currently Professor of Urban Economics and Planning at the Universidade Federal do ABC, in Greater São Paulo. Previously he served as Secretary for Economic Development in the city of Santo Andre (Greater São Paulo) and worked at the Institute for Housing and Urban Development Studies (Rotterdam), among others. He has provided national and international consultancy services and published extensively in areas related to economic restructuring, planning, and governance in urban-metropolitan areas.
This chapter provides an overview of metropolitan governance in São Paulo, which is grounded within an understanding of the limits and potentials of ongoing regulatory changes and developments in the country in general and metropolitan São Paulo in particular. After a brief primer on the evolution of Brazilian metropolitan governance since the demise of the national developmental regime in the 1980s, the chapter prioritizes the analysis of recent developments in Greater São Paulo in light of the approval of new federal legislation (the so-called “Statute of the Metropolis”). The latter implies the collaborative elaboration of integrated urban development plans at metropolitan scale, involving state and local governments, the private sector, social movements, and organized civil society.